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Regions makes it easy to bank on the go with a variety of online banking and mobile banking services. Pay bills, manage accounts, and more at Regions.com and Regions mobile app. The Northeast Region is associated with rich history and culture, and was the first region in Brazil to be discovered and colonized by Europeans. The region covers an area of 1,558,196 square km, has a population of about 56.9 million, and has a population density of 34 persons per square km.

The US is a huge country with a diverse population that is full of geographic marvels. From the Grand Canyon to the redwood forests, multiple mountain ranges, phenomenal deserts, and awe-inspiring beaches, it has something for just about everyone.

The United States covers around 3,531,905 square miles (9.834 million square kilometers) and is home to world-class cities and intriguing small towns. Some of its spaces are also open and lonely.

Because the country is so big, it has been divided into regions by the US government. This was done in order to more easily discuss issues that pertain to each area.

The US Census Bureau is an agency that asks Americans questions and produces data about their lives. It has divided the country into four main regions. These include the Northeast, Midwest, West, and South. Within these core areas, the Census Bureau has divided things further, with regions like the Pacific Region, Mountain, West North Central, and Mid-Atlantic regions. These subregions are areas that are certainly useful to know about. Generally speaking, however, people do not use these terms on a daily basis in casual conversation. The main four regions, Americans do, however.

It is also worth mentioning that you might find other government agencies that have divided the country up in other ways, just to keep things confusing. The US federal court system has been known to reference eleven different regions. The Federal Reserve uses twelve districts, and the Bureau of Economic Analysis references eight regions. For the sake of simplicity, we are going to focus on the four main regions mentioned above.

Northeast

The Northeastern US covers eleven states and runs up the Atlantic coast and borders on Canada to the north. It comprises the states of Vermont, Connecticut, Delaware, Pennsylvania, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode Island. Whites or Caucasians from the majority in this region and about 65% of people in the area are Christians.

Almost 56 million people live in the US northeast. While this may sound like a lot, it comes as no surprise when you consider that this region is home to places like New York City, Baltimore, Boston, and Philadelphia.

What do people do for a living here? Healthcare is the top employer, followed by the retail, education, and manufacturing industries. In 2018, people in the northeast had the highest median household income in the country at $70,113, well above the national average of $63,179.

Famous northeasterners include John Travolta, Cyndi Lauper, and Denzel Washington.

Midwest

The Midwest is a region that draws some conflict. It is not that the Midwest is at war, but rather that people can’t really agree as to where its boundaries are on a map. According to the US government, the states found in this region include Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa, Nebraska, Wisconsin, Missouri, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Ohio, and Kansas. Big cities include the likes of Detroit, Milwaukee, Kansas City, Chicago, Indianapolis, and Omaha.

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A survey of 12,000 people done by Bloomberg.com found not everyone agrees with the government, however, or with each other, on these borders. (Yes some things never change).

Some can’t agree where the midwest starts and another region begins. Some things are for certain. Almost everyone surveyed by Bloomberg.com agreed the big cities mentioned above plus Minneapolis and Columbus were definitely in the midwest. But places like Pittsburgh and Buffalo caused problems. Technically, they are in the Northeast. Some say the culture in these areas is more akin to that of the midwest though, as are people’s accents. Some people in these cities found they felt more mid-western, and others more like northeasterners.

Likewise, in South Dakota, where the midwest becomes the west, some people said they felt drawn to midwestern identities, and others to the west. So, whatever is officially defined as America’s “heartland” may depend on who you talk to.

What is the midwest known for? The majority of people voted for the Republican party in the 2018 elections, and Abraham Lincoln spent his formative years living in the area.

Community

Other famous people from the Midwest include Betty White, Marlon Brando, James Dean, Madonna, David Letterman, Michael Jackson, and Chi McBride.

West

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The American West is full of folklore. From cowboys and gunfights at noon on the American frontier, to Hollywood and its limelight of fame, the west has stories to tell. Today, this region has the second-highest median household income trailing just behind the northeast at $69, 520. It is also home to over 78 million people, with major industries that include agriculture, services like financial services and hospitality, film, and manufacturing. Somewhat surprisingly, the most profitable industry in the region is that of machinery and mechanical appliances, which generated over $26 billion in 2018.

The states that comprise the American west include Hawaii, Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, Nevada, Arizona, California, Washington, Oregon, and New Mexico.

South

The south is a vast area in the US that covers many states. It includes those of West Virginia, Virginia, Texas, Tennessee, South Carolina, Oklahoma, North Carolina, Mississippi, Maryland, Louisiana, Kentucky, Georgia, Florida, the District of Columbia, Delaware, Arkansas, and Alabama. This region is home to the largest percentage of the population in the country, and it can trace many of its roots back to slavery. Segregation is no longer officially practiced in places like schools in the south, but the region was once famous for dividing its restaurants, educational institutions, and other public places between blacks and whites, prohibiting blacks from attending or being served.

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This type of unequal treatment also happened in other regions of the country but was most pronounced in the south. Segregation by race was practiced well into the 1960s, until the Civil Rights Act was signed in 1964, as a culmination of the efforts of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and the civil rights movement. This act outlawed discrimination, yet the practice still continues in various ways.

Today, the south has become a major economic driver of the country, producing about 34% of the GDP.

Each region of the US has a distinct flavor, culture, and history. By praising and celebrating the country’s differences, many will see that its people also have much in common, with the same everyday needs, wants, and hopes. It is the diversity of the US that makes it rich in spirit, as well as economic gain.

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Geopolitically, Brazil is divided into five regions or macroregions. These regions have been defined by the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística: North, Northeast, Central-West, South, and Southeast. While officially recognized, the division of Brazil into five regions is not based on geographic, cultural, and economic factors, and has no political impact. Instead, the regions are primarily for statistical purposes, and for the organization and distribution of government funding. The five regions of Brazil are described below.

5. North

The North Region is the largest region in Brazil, accounting for 45.27% of the country's total area. However, despite being the largest in area, it ranks fourth in terms of population. The North Region includes the following states: Amazonas, Tocantins, Pará, Acre, Amapá, Roraima, and Rondônia. The region covers a total area of 3,853,676.9 square km, had a population of 17,707,783 in 2016, and a population density of 4.6 persons per square km. The population of the North Region is low given that large parts of it are covered by the Amazon Rainforest, which is one of the world’s most biodiverse areas and includes roughly 40,000 species of plants, 2.5 million insect species, 3,000 fish species, and hundreds of species of other fauna. The North Region ranks fourth in Brazil in terms of GDP per capita, and mineral extraction and forestry are the main economic activities.

4. Northeast Region

The Northeast Region of Brazil is made up of nine states: Maranhão, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Sergipe, Bahia, Alagoas, Pernambuco, Ceará, and Piauí. The scenic Fernando de Noronha archipelago also belongs to the region. The Northeast Region is associated with rich history and culture, and was the first region in Brazil to be discovered and colonized by Europeans. The region covers an area of 1,558,196 square km, has a population of about 56.9 million, and has a population density of 34 persons per square km. It is the third largest region in the country in terms of area, ranks second in population, and has the lowest GDP per capita. The landscape of the Northeast Region varies widely, and includes a long Atlantic coastline to the northeast and southeast, while the western and northwestern parts belong to the Amazon basin. The Espinhaço highlands are located towards the south, and the drainage basin of the São Francisco River is also located in the region. The river and its branches allowed Europeans to easily access and develop the interior of the Northeast Region. The region’s economy primarily depends on cocoa, cotton, and coffee production, and livestock breeding.

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3. Central-West Region

The Central-West Region of Brazil includes three states: Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso and Goiás. The Federal District, which is home to Brasília, the capital city of Brazil, is also part of the region. Located in the heart of the country, the Central-West Region covers an area of 1,612,077.2 square km, which accounts for 18.86% of Brazil's total land area. Although it is the second largest region by area, it is the least populated, with a population of around 15.6 million. It has a population density of only 10 persons per square km, which ranks as the fourth least densely populated region in Brazil. 86.3% of the population lives in urban areas. The main ecosystems in the region include the Amazon Rainforest, the Cerrado, and the Pantanal. The Central-West Region is currently experiencing rapid development, which was partly the result of shifting Brazil's national capital from Rio de Janeiro to Brasília in the 1960s. The per capita GDP of the Central-West Region is the second highest, and its economy is mainly dependent on livestock breeding, mining, and tourism.

2. Southeast Region

The Southeast Region is the richest region in Brazil. The region is made up of four states: Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Espírito Santo, and Minas Gerais. The Southeast Region encompasses an area of 924,511.3 square km and has a population of 86.3 million people, which ranks as the fourth largest region by area and the most populated. It is also the most densely populated region, with a population density of 87 individuals per square km. The region contributes about one-third of the nation's total GDP, and has a highly diversified economy that is based on various industries such as machinery, services, aviation, finance, automobile, commerce, and textiles. The Southeast Region stretches from the Atlantic Coast to the interior and features coastal plains, interior plains, high mountains, hills, caverns, and valleys.

1. South Region

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The South Region of Brazil is made up of three states: Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, and Paraná. The region covers an area of 576,409.6 square km, making it the smallest region in the country. The South Region has a population of 29.4 million people and a population density of 50 individuals per square km. It is the third most populated and second most densely populated region in Brazil. The region's total area is less than that of the Minas Gerais state in Southeast Brazil. The South Region is a cultural, economic, and tourism hub, and its GDP per capita is the second highest in the country. It has the lowest crime rate of any region, and is therefore considered the safest in the country to visit.